Q. What are the laws that Security Officers are allow to enforce while they are on duty?
It appears that it may depend on the state where the security officer works, as well as possibly the nature of the work. For example, in Michigan there is the Licensed Private Security Police Officers Act .
You may need to access your own state's website for additional information.
For research in the Online Library in the area of Criminal Justice, try the database Criminal Justice Periodicals. To access this database, go to FIND NOW under Find Articles. The Find Articles & More page has an alphabetical list of the databases.
A search using keywords like "security officers AND regulations" will return article discussing this type of issue.