Q. What are the formal and informal methods of constitutional change?
Formal method of amending the United States Constitution:
Article V creates a two-stage process for amending the Constitution: proposal and ratification.
- An amendment can be proposed by two-thirds of both houses of Congress or...
- By two-thirds of state legislatures requesting Congress to call a national convention to propose amendments.
- An amendment can be ratified by a favorable vote in three-fourths of all state legislatures or by such a vote in specially called ratifying conventions called in three-fourths of the states.
Informal method of amending the United States Constitution:
- By judicial interpretation (in Marbury v. Madison-1803- the Supreme Court declared that the federal courts had the power to nullify actions of the national government if found to be in conflict with the Constitution.
- Social, cultural and legal change.
Robyn, R. The Constitution-Chapter 2-O'Connor and Sabato American Government: Continuity and Change The Constitution. Retrieved from http://www.personal.kent.edu/~rrobyn/Chap%2002%20Outline.htm
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