Q. what are the formal and informal methods of constitutional changes


Hi Sylvia-

Thanks for contacting the Online Library. Can you clarify your question? Are you referring to the US Constitution or state constitutions? The US Constitution can only be amended by Congressional amendment ratified by the states:


Please let me know if this does not answer your question.


Kristin Kozusko, MLIS


  • Last Updated Jul 26, 2017
  • Views 1338
  • Answered By [Unclaimed]

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Comments (2)

  1. Other than a Supreme Court ruling, what are other informal methods of changing the Constitution?
    by Larry on Jan 19, 2017.
  2. Here is further information and websites to explore:

    Informal method of amending the United States Constitution:
    • By judicial interpretation (in Marbury v. Madison-1803) the Supreme Court declared that the federal courts had the power to nullify actions of the national government if found to be in conflict with the Constitution.
    • Social, cultural and legal change.

    USConstitution.net also points out two methods of informal amendment. The first occurs when the interpretation of the Constitution shifts due to changing societal circumstances.

    The other informal amendment method involves judicial review. Because the judicial branch is in charge of interpreting the Constitution, any changes in the judicial view of the Constitution change the way that the Constitution works in society.


    by Amanda Henderson on Jan 19, 2017.

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